In April 2023, the cybersecurity landscape was shaken when a critical flaw in Zyxel devices was exposed, leading to a terrifying surge in DDoS botnets. These relentless attacks swiftly exploited the vulnerability, gaining remote control over vulnerable systems and causing havoc across continents. Zyxel, a leading manufacturer of networking devices like routers, switches, and firewalls, found itself at the center of this nightmare. In this article, we delve into the world of DDoS attacks and offer crucial insights into safeguarding your digital assets. At Armoryze, our mission is to empower you with confidence as we provide top-notch web application and API protection services for Zyxel devices and equipment.
Global Scale Exploitation:
The consequences of the Zyxel flaw were alarming, transcending geographical boundaries. Fortinet FortiGuard Labs researcher, Cara Lin, revealed the grim reality: DDoS attacks were not confined to specific regions but had penetrated Central America, North America, East Asia, and South Asia. The flaw responsible for this chaos was CVE-2023-28771, boasting a menacing CVSS score of 9.8. It proved to be a command injection vulnerability, mercilessly enabling unauthorized actors to invade systems with specially crafted packets.
Multiple DDoS Botnets Seize the Opportunity:
The gravity of the situation became evident when the Shadow Server Foundation issued a warning that the flaw had been actively exploited to create a botnet similar to Mirai since at least May 26, 2023. This unfortunate trend indicates an increasing abuse targeting servers with unpatched software.
Multiple actors seized this opportunity to breach vulnerable hosts and assemble them into a botnet capable of launching devastating DDoS attacks against other targets. Among these botnets were Mirai variants, including Dark.IoT, and a newly identified one named Katana. These powerful botnets were capable of launching DDoS attacks using both TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) and UDP (User Datagram Protocol) protocols. TCP ensures reliable, ordered data delivery for critical apps like web browsing, while UDP provides connectionless, best-effort delivery for real-time apps like video streaming.
Sophisticated Surge in DDoS Attacks:
During the second quarter of 2023, Cloudflare's analysis revealed a concerning rise in the sophistication of DDoS attacks. Threat actors developed new techniques to evade detection by cleverly mimicking browser behavior while keeping their attack rates-per-second low. Additionally, attackers employed DNS laundering attacks to conceal malicious traffic through reputable recursive DNS resolvers. They also orchestrated hyper-volumetric DDoS attacks using virtual machine botnets.
In a DNS Laundering attack, the threat actor queries subdomains of the victim's DNS server-managed domain. The subdomain prefix is randomized and used only a couple of times during the attack. This randomization prevents recursive DNS servers from having cached responses, leading them to forward the query to the victim's authoritative DNS server. Consequently, the authoritative DNS server is overwhelmed with a barrage of queries, rendering it incapable of handling legitimate ones and potentially crashing altogether.
Understanding DDoS Attacks:
To effectively defend against DDoS attacks, it is crucial to understand their nature. These attacks aim to disrupt the flow of traffic to specific servers, services, or networks by overwhelming them with excessive internet traffic. The prevalent types typically encompass volumetric, protocol-based, and application-layer attacks. At Armoryze, we offer comprehensive web application and API protection services designed to counter each of these threats.
10 Ways to Prevent a DDoS Attack:
While no single solution guarantees complete prevention of DDoS attacks, implementing certain measures can significantly reduce the risk. Here are ten effective tips to safeguard your organization:
Rise of Pro-Russian Hacktivist Groups Fuels DDoS Surge:
The rise in DDoS attacks can be attributed, in part, to the emergence of pro-Russian hacktivist groups like KillNet, REvil, and Anonymous Sudan. These groups have increasingly targeted entities in the U.S. and Europe. Armoryze is well-prepared to tackle such threats and fortify your organization's cybersecurity defense.
The vulnerability in Zyxel devices and the subsequent devastating DDoS attacks serve as stark reminders of the ever-evolving threat landscape. At Armoryze, we offer comprehensive web application and API protection services to safeguard your digital assets from DDoS attacks and other cybersecurity threats.
Armoryze: Your Trusted Shield Against DDoS Attacks!
At Armoryze, we understand the importance of safeguarding your digital assets from DDoS attacks and other cybersecurity threats. Our web application and API protection services offer comprehensive solutions to protect your business against emerging vulnerabilities and sophisticated attack techniques.
Don't wait for the next wave of devastating DDoS attacks to hit your organization. Schedule a FREE consultation with our experts to assess your security posture and develop a customized defense strategy. Armoryze is here to help you navigate the digital landscape with confidence, providing you with the peace of mind that your online presence is secure and protected.
Take action today to protect your business and stay one step ahead of the attackers. Reach out to Armoryze for a FREE consultation and strengthen your cybersecurity defenses. Together, we can create a safer digital environment for everyone.